The world´s climate is changing; the impacts can already be observed and felt on the global, regional and local level. Climate change is considered one of the biggest challenges to development in the 21st century. More frequent, stronger and more erratic weather extremes will result in significant socio-economic and environmental losses.
The latest assessment report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes that most countries in the Middle East and North Africa region – including Egypt – are highly vulnerable to the impact of climate change. Cities are playing a key role when it comes to addressing this challenge.
At the same time, the urban population and infrastructure are increasingly at risk. Especially poor inhabitants are vulnerable to those impacts, lacking the financial means to pursue a sustainable livelihood. While a framework for climate change adaptation exists, neither policies nor actions are implemented at the local level. Concrete examples for community-based adaptation measures have yet to be applied.
To address this challenge, the PDP has since 2011 incorporated a component in its portfolio dealing with climate change adaption and strengthening the resilience of local urban communities.
Objectives of the component:
The component Climate Change Adaption and Urban Resilience tackles the predicted negative consequences of climate change for poor and informal urban areas in the Greater Cairo Region.
Its objective is to promote resilient communities and support their efforts to adapt to the changing climate conditions. The objective will be achieved through:
- Development of a participatory and community-based adaptation strategy for informal areas in collaboration with national and local partners.
- Awareness raising among local residents, civil society, ministries, public agencies and local administration on Climate Change Adaption and Urban Resilience.
- Implementation of small-scale development measures in informal areas in a participatory approach with the local residents in order to enhance their resilience to climate change and environmental challenges.
The activities are based on an analysis of expected effects of climate change, the climate sensitivity of the particular areas as well as community characteristics regarding climate change sensitivity, adaptive capacity and existing vulnerabilities and practices to cope with on-going climate challenges.
Considerable progress has been achieved in the climate change sensitive assessment that includes collecting GIS data and assessing meteorological observations and projections for four informal urban areas in the Greater Cairo Region.
Primary results will be made available by January 2014 and be presented to the program’s stakeholders.
Greener Cairo: Sustainability through Urban Agriculture
Egypt’s urban residents face a wide range of climate change related challenges, such as health problems due to heat stress in summer or socio-economic threats through droughts and food insecurity. To address such challenges, GIZ, commissioned by BMZ, developed a comprehensive set of adaptation measures. One successful approach to tackle heat stress and food insecurity and to even promote income generation is the approach of urban agriculture which is presented in the video below. Urban agriculture is a highly trending topic and was one major item during the 2015’s Cairo Climate Talks.
Cairo Climate Talk Link: http://cairoclimatetalks.net/events/greener-cairo-sustainability-through-urban-agriculture